It has been 126 years since Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone and around 50 years since Indonesia had its own telephone company.
Unfortunately, the penetration of telephones in Indonesia today (2004), counting fixed as well as mobile telephone lines in use, is only 10.45% according to the figures published by the Directorate of Post and Telecommunications.
This paper will point out the inherent problems Indonesia has with regards to telephone penetration and take you through some of the solutions to overcome them.
Albandjar, Chrisma and Rasyid, Hilman A.
"Connecting Indonesia: Serving the Unserved,"
Online Journal of Space Communication: Vol. 4
, Article 8.
Available at: https://ohioopen.library.ohio.edu/spacejournal/vol4/iss8/8
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