The Moderating Effect of Urban Versus Rural Residence on the Relationship Between Type of Birth Attendant and Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Ghana
© The Author(s) 2017. Background: Early initiation of breastfeeding increases the likelihood of longer duration of breastfeeding. Factors associated with breastfeeding include maternal sociodemographic, behavioral and health-related characteristics, infant health characteristics, and perinatal factors. Research aim: This study aimed to determine the association between type of birth attendant and early initiation of breastfeeding among women in Ghana. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using women (N = 3,087) who participated in the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. The main outcome of interest was early initiation of breastfeeding, defined as provision of mother’s milk to the infant within 1 hr of birth. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression modeling were performed. Results: Breastfeeding was initiated within 1 hr of birth by 58.3% of women. In the multivariable model, there was a significant interaction between type of birth attendant and place of residence on early initiation of breastfeeding. For rural areas, compared with women who had a nurse or midwife as their birth attendant, the multivariable odds ratios [95% confidence intervals] for early initiation of breastfeeding were lower among women whose birth attendant was a relative or other, 0.20 [0.07, 0.55], p =.002; village health volunteer or traditional health practitioner, 0.21 [0.07, 0.62], p =.005; none, 0.34 [0.12, 0.93], p =.035; community health officer, 0.42 [0.21, 0.85], p =.016; and doctor, 0.48 [0.24, 0.96], p =.037. For urban areas, no significant association was detected between type of birth attendant and early initiation of breastfeeding. Conclusion: Findings from the study highlight the need for focused, context-specific, early initiation of breastfeeding promotion and intervention, especially for women and their birth attendants in rural areas.
Haile, Zelalem T.; Sarfo, Bismark; Francescon, John; Chertok, Ilana R.; Teweldeberhan, Asli K.; and Chavan, Bhakti, "The Moderating Effect of Urban Versus Rural Residence on the Relationship Between Type of Birth Attendant and Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Ghana" (2018). Social Medicine Open Access Publications. 6.