Mach-Zehnder interferometer based integrated-photonic acetone sensor approaching the sub-ppm level detection limit
The detection of acetone in the gaseous form in exhaled breath using an integrated sensor can provide an effective tool for disease diagnostics as acetone is a marker for monitoring human metabolism. An on-chip acetone gas sensor based on the principle of Mach-Zehnder interferometer is proposed and demonstrated. The sensing arm of the device is activated with a composite film of polyethyleneimine and amido-graphene oxide as the gas-sensitive adsorption layer. The composite film demonstrates good selectivity to acetone gas, can be used repeatedly, and is stable in long-term use. Room temperature operation has been demonstrated for the sensor with high sensitivity under a 20 ppm acetone environment. The detection limit can reach 0.76 ppm, making it feasible to be used for the clinical diagnosis of diabetes and the prognosis of heart failure.
Niu, Haoyun; Yu, Peng; Zhu, Yisong; Jing, Zhimin; Li, Peihang; Wang, Baoqing; Ma, Cuiping; Wang, Jiaying; Wu, Jiang; Govorov, Alexander O.; Neogi, Arup; and Wang, Zhiming M., "Mach-Zehnder interferometer based integrated-photonic acetone sensor approaching the sub-ppm level detection limit" (2022). Physics & Astronomy Open Access Publications. 181.