Ellipsometry study of CdSe thin films deposited by PLD on ito coated glass substrates

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Cadmium selenide (CdSe) thin films were deposited on indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrates using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique under different growth temperatures. Samples were investigated for their structural, morphological, and optical properties through X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy. AFM analysis revealed that the surface roughness of the as-grown CdSe thin films increased with the increase in deposition temperature. The optical constants and film thickness were obtained from spectroscopic ellipsometry analysis and are discussed in detail. The optical band gap of the as-grown CdSe thin films, calculated from the Tauc plot analysis, matched with the ellipsometry measurements, with a band gap of ~1.71 eV for a growth temperature range of 150◦C to 400◦C. The CdSe thin films were found to have a refractive index of ~3.0 and extinction coefficient of ~1.0, making it a suitable candidate for photovoltaics.