Kinetic Model under Light-Limited Condition for Photoinitiated Thiol-Ene Coupling Reactions
© 2018 American Chemical Society. Thiol-ene click chemistry has become a powerful paradigm in synthesis, materials science, and surface modification in the past decade. In the photoinitiated thiol-ene reaction, an induction period is often observed before the major change in its kinetic curve, for which a possible mechanism is proposed in this report. Briefly, light soaking generates radicals following the zeroth-order reaction kinetics. The radical is the reactant that initializes the chain reaction of thiol-ene coupling, which is a first-order reaction. Combining both and under the light-limited conditions, a surprising kinetics represented by a Gaussian-like model evolves that is different from the exponential model used to describe the first-order reaction of the final product. The experimental data are fitted well with the new model, and the reaction kinetic constants can be pulled out from the fitting.
Sy Piecco, Kurt W.E.; Aboelenen, Ahmed M.; Pyle, Joseph R.; Vicente, Juvinch R.; Gautam, Dinesh; and Chen, Jixin, "Kinetic Model under Light-Limited Condition for Photoinitiated Thiol-Ene Coupling Reactions" (2018). Chemistry & Biochemistry Open Access Publications. 21.