Title

A model of insect control with imperfect treatment

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2019

Abstract

© 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Insecticide spraying of housing units is an important control measure for vector-borne infections such as Chagas disease. However, some vectors may survive treatment, due to imperfect spraying by the operator or because they hide deep in the cracks or other places, and re-emerge in the same unit when the effect of the insecticide wears off. While several mathematical models of this phenomenon have been previously described and studied in the literature, the model presented here is more basic than existing ones. Thus it is more amenable to mathematical analysis, which is carried out here. In particular, we demonstrate that an initially very high spraying rate may push the system into a region of the state space with low endemic levels of infestation that can be maintained in the long run at relatively moderate cost, while in the absence of an aggressive initial intervention the same average cost would only allow a much less significant reduction in long-term infestation levels.

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