The global, regional, and national burden of fungal skin diseases in 195 countries and territories: A cross-sectional analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

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Introduction: Fungal skin diseases are highly prevalent worldwide, but few existing studies focus on the burden of dermatomycoses. Methods: An analysis of fungal skin disease trends in 2017 in 195 countries worldwide was conducted using the Global Burden of Disease Study database, including prevalence rates, age and sex patterns, and fungal burden, using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Age-standardized DALYs were also compared to the sociodemographic index values of all the countries in 2017. Results: The age-specific fungal skin disease DALYs in 2017 showed a right-skewed distribution, with a peak between 1 and 5 years of age. The world region with the greatest burden of fungal skin disease was sub-Saharan Africa (DALY rate 89.3 per 100,000 males, 78.42 for females), and the individual country with the greatest DALY rate was Mali (122). The Global Burden of Disease super region with the lowest fungal skin disease burden had high incomes (DALY rate 33.12 per 100,000 males, 30.16 for females), which includes southern Latin America, western Europe, high-income North America, Australasia, and high-income southern Pacific. Conclusion: Skin mycoses place a substantial burden on patients worldwide. This burden is the greatest in resource-poor countries, tropical regions, and children between 1 and 5 years of age. DALYs can potentially serve as a purposeful measure for directing health policy resources to improve the global impact of fungal skin disease.